By the Numbers: State of the Union

President Obama delivered the 2012 State of the Union address to Congress.

Story highlights

  • At least 1 - Member of the president's cabinet who doesn't attend
  • 1 - Times Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer has missed the speech since 1994
  • 12 - Times FDR delivered a State of the Union address, the most of any president
  • 22 - Number of guests hosted by first lady Michelle Obama in 2012

At a time of heightened partisanship and tense relations between the White House and Congress, President Obama is set to give the constitutionally-mandated State of the Union address on Tuesday.

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By the numbers, here's a look at the presidential address to Congress:

223 - Number of State of the Union or "annual messages" in U.S. history. President Barack Obama will deliver the 224th.

91 - "In person" State of the Union speeches or annual presidential messages. Tuesday's will be the 92nd.

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At least 1 - Member of the president's cabinet who doesn't attend, in order to preserve the line of succession.

    12 - States in the Union when President George Washington gave the first State of the Union speech in January 1790.

    1 - Times Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer has missed the speech since he joined the court in 1994.

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    3 - Years where Breyer was the only attendee from the Supreme Court: 2001, 2003 and 2004.

    12 - Times President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered a State of the Union address, the most of any president. Ten were in person, and two were in writing.

    2 - Presidents who were unable to deliver a State of the Union or annual message speech: William Henry Harrison and James Garfield, who both died in office after 32 days and 199 days.

    22 - Number of guests hosted by first lady Michelle Obama in 2012.

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    1 - Times the State of the Union or annual message has been postponed. President Ronald Reagan was scheduled to make his address on January 28, 1986, the day of the space shuttle Challenger explosion. It was postponed to February 4th.

    7 - State of the Union or annual message speeches since 1966 where there was no official opposition party response. Most of the cases were when a president had just been inaugurated to his first term.

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    3 - Politicians since 1966 who gave the opposition's response to a State of the Union speech or annual message who later became president: Gerald Ford, George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton.

    89 minutes - Total running time of President Bill Clinton's speech in 2000. It contained 7,452 words.

    3 - Countries identified by President George W. Bush in his 2002 State of the Union speech as the "axis of evil": Iran, Iraq and North Korea.

    1 - Times Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito was seen mouthing the words "not true" in response to President Obama's 2010 State of the Union remarks about campaign finance.

        2013 State of the Union

      • WASHINGTON, DC - FEBRUARY 12:  U.S. President Barack Obama delivers his State of the Union speech before a joint session of Congress at the U.S. Capitol February 12, 2013 in Washington, DC. Facing a divided Congress, Obama focused his speech on new initiatives designed to stimulate the U.S. economy and said, "It?s not a bigger government we need, but a smarter government that sets priorities and invests in broad-based growth".  (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)

        The heart of President Barack Obama's speech Tuesday was the same focus that's driven every State of the Union of his presidency.
      • Obama shakes hands with House Speaker John Boehner before delivering the address.

        President Barack Obama launched three days of campaign-style speeches with a visit to a manufacturing plant that he said epitomized his proposals for job creation.
      • President Barack Obama is greeted before his State of the Union address before a joint session of Congress on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, February 12.

        CNN asked viewers to post a #tweetoftheunion on Twitter summarizing Obama's State of the Union speech.
      • As with any State of the Union address, President Barack Obama had several audiences and there were multiple aims for the White House.
      • sotu2013 gop response rubio entire_00124817.jpg

        Claiming Barack Obama thinks a "free enterprise economy" is "the cause of our problems" -- not, as he sees it, the solution -- Sen. Marco Rubio argued that the president's proposals would hurt middle class citizens more than help them.
      •  	SPANISH FORK, UT - NOVEMBER 24: A car makes it's way up U.S. Highway 6 as several 2.1 mega watt wind powered turbines owned by Edison Mission Energy, sit a the mouth of Spanish Fork Canyon November 24, 2008 in Spanish Fork, Utah. Each turbine is 300 feet tall, with three 150 foot blades. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Land and Minerals Management at the Department of the Interior, Michael D. Olsen, said the potential for production of wind energy on public lands in the West is 'tremendous,' with the alternative energy source already accounting for the fastest growing energy sector in the U.S. Last year the U.S. saw a 46 percent increase in wind capacity and $9 billion in new investments, he said. (Photo by George Frey/Getty Images)

        President Barack Obama talked up alternative energy. Not only did he tout the solar and natural gas industries' recent gains, he also talked up the amount of wind energy that's now fueling the country.
      • sot nixon 1974 dkg sotu_00001914.jpg

        From the Great Society to the Axis of Evil, here are historian Doris Kearns Goodwin's top State of the Union moments.
      • First Lady Michelle Obama, center, is recognized by the audience and special guests surrounding her before President Barack Obama's 2013 SOTU. Front row, left to right: Sgt. Sheena Adams, Nathaniel and Cleopatra Pendelton, Michelle Obama, Menchu de Luna Sanchez and Jill Biden. Second row, left to right: Governor John Kitzhaber, Deb Carey, Apple CEO Tim Cook, Amanda McMillan, and Lieutenant Brian Murphy.

        Earlier presidents delivered a written message to be read to Congress before the tradition became at TV event.