They'd navigated through years of patience-testing paperwork to get to this point. In 45 short minutes, they'd proudly step into the future as American citizens.
Becoming a US citizen takes a long time. Once immigrants get their green cards, they need to know English, need to have lived in the United States for at least five years, and need to pass a US civics test, among other things
But after all that time, the ceremony itself is quick and easy.
But far more often, the ceremonies take place in bland federal buildings in rooms filled with large American flags, like the one at the Peter Rodino Federal Building in Newark, New Jersey.
That 45-minute ceremony was a long time coming for Thomas Heinrich. He moved to the US from the former West Germany about 30 years ago, and has since married and had three kids here. The civics test was easy for him; he's a professor of American history at Baruch College.
Failure "would have been a huge embarrassment," he said, laughing.
Unlike Heinrich, Ahmed El-Mallah made up his mind to become a US citizen "the first second" he arrived from Alexandria, Egypt, five years ago.
He's studying nuclear engineering, a field he said he wouldn't be able to pursue in Egypt. The best jobs in the field, such as in nuclear labs
or in the Navy
, require US citizenship, and he hopes to enter the workforce once he finishes his master's degree.
"I'm very excited," El-Mallah said. "I'm very lucky to be here today."
Like any group presentation, the naturalization ceremony relied on PowerPoint. For such a climactic moment in their lives, it was surprisingly mundane. Archival photographs of immigrants coming to the United States, pictures showcasing the country's natural beauty, and quotes from recent citizens flashed across the screen before them.
The new citizens stood to sing the national anthem, and then James Fobert, supervisory Immigration Services officer, said a few words.
He mentioned "e pluribus unum," the unofficial US motto that's printed on currency. The phrase is Latin for "out of many, one" -- similar to the population of the United States, which includes people from many countries, working together as one, Fobert said.
"You represent and reflect the unofficial motto," he told the crowd.
For Leidiane Loureiro, becoming a citizen is "the biggest victory of my life," she said. She arrived as a student from Brazil about 12 years ago, she said, and started out scrubbing bathrooms at a deli, knowing little English.
She has since married an American citizen and found a steady job at Bank of America. She's been talking about becoming a citizen for a while now. "I don't plan to go back," she said. "I already feel like a part of the country."
As the ceremony progressed, Fobert read the names of each of the 37 countries represented in the crowd, and the new citizens stood when their country was called. The crowd then read aloud the Oath of Allegiance
, printed on a small white card in their citizenship packets.
And 140 words later, the 89 people were naturalized citizens, joining the 6.6 million others
over the past decade.
For Esther Quarshie, education was the main reason for coming to the United States. Originally from Ghana, Quarshie wants to be a nurse, and being a citizen will give her the opportunity to continue learning English and apply for a better job, she said.
"School -- that's all my motivation," she said. "My number one [reason] is education."
Domingo Gallardo, on the other hand, came for love. He emigrated from Spain about eight years ago to be with his wife Esther, an American citizen.
The birth of their first child nine months ago was the moment he knew it was time for him to become a US citizen, too.
After the oath, the Pledge of Allegiance, and a soulful rendition of "America the Beautiful," the country's newest citizens rose to collect their official certificates of citizenship.
Fobert, the ceremony's supervisor, asked the crowd again how many countries they were all from.
"Thirty-seven," several voices called out.
Wrong, he said. Just one.