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ANDERSON COOPER 360 DEGREES
The Obama Message Blitz; Palin Turns Down Millions; Stopping Recession Scams; Job Saving Surgery?; Richardson's Final Moments; Michelle Obama's Green Thumb
Aired March 20, 2009 - 23:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
ANDERSON COOPER, CNN ANCHOR: Tonight President Obama's damage control. Can he bailout the economy with frequent flyer miles? On the road, on the air, online, seemingly everywhere, the President's full court press to overcome the anger at AIG and the questions about his administration's role in allowing the bonuses.
Also in this hour, recession scammers, have they fooled you yet? They say they're from the government, demanding bogus taxes or promising stimulus money to get your bank account numbers. Tonight: how to keep the crooks out of your pockets.
And later, Natasha Richardson, disturbing new facts about what happened in the hours, yes, hours between when she fell and when she finally got medical treatment.
That and Michelle Obama's victory garden -- talk about a shovel ready project not far from the Rose Garden. Vegetables for the first time since World War II.
We begin though, with President Obama fighting to keep his message and his economic plans from burning up in the white hot flames over bonuses at AIG. Tuesday, he's going to speak on national television. Last night it was "The Tonight Show;" all week, town halls. It seems like he has been everywhere this week.
But everywhere he goes, outrage and finger pointing follow over the bonuses, $165 million. The question tonight, can he lead the country past that anger and bring the focus back from AIG to you and me?
Candy Crowley has the "Raw Politics."
CANDY CROWLEY, CNN SENIOR POLITICAL CORRESPONDENT: AIG week consumed most of the Washington establishment. Except...
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: Thank you, guys. Thank you.
CROWLEY: If it is Friday, this must be the meeting with state legislators, about the stimulus plan.
B. OBAMA: I don't need to remind you that the American people are watching what we do. They need this plan to work. They're skeptical and understandably because they have seen taxpayer dollars frittered away before.
CROWLEY: Just one of the week's 17 Obama sightings from coast to coast.
B. OBAMA: It is always good to get out of Washington for a little while.
CROWLEY: Especially nice when the places consumed by those AIG bonus payments to executives.
The President's Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner spent the week inside the ring of fire as Washington bickered over who created a legislative loophole which allowed AIG to give out the bonuses.
It turns out, Treasury pushed for it, though Senate Banking Committee Chairman Chris Dodd bore the brunt of the criticism.
SEN. CHRISTOPHER DODD, (D) CONNECTICUT: I'm disappointed, frankly, that those who requested this kind of a change didn't have the courage to stand up a couple of days ago and admit that they were the ones that asked for it.
CROWLEY: Largely above the storm, the President was out and about, everywhere, pushing everything, in which one Republican critic says is how you miss things, like that bonus loophole.
MITT ROMNEY, FMR. GOP PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: If everybody was at home, doing their job and focusing entirely on the economy is that something that somebody would have read. I mean you had 1,000-page bill somebody would have read it before they signed it.
CROWLEY: But the President thinks now is the time to push big, for health care reform, his budget, an energy plan, education reform, and he is his own best salesman.
Secretary Geithner shows no affinity for the public eye.
Top economic adviser Larry Summers is a master behind the scenes.
Paul Begala, who helped manage President Clinton's time, doesn't think President Obama is overexposed. Not yet.
PAUL BEGALA, DEMOCRATIC STRATEGIST: Yes, I think the President can be overexposed and there is a lot of danger to it. But for one thing, he is a human being and he's going to get tired and make mistakes.
CROWLEY: Like, say, a quip about his bowling game.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
B. OBAMA: I've bowled a 129.
JAY LENO, "TONIGHT SHOW WITH JAY LENO" HOST: No, that's very good. Yes, that's very good, Mr. President. B. OBAMA: It was like Special Olympics or something.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
CROWLEY: Before the show aired, President Obama phoned the head of the Special Olympics. But to jokingly compare his poor bowling game to an event for the disabled is a rare slip for a President who deliberates over every word.
Still, next week promises more of the same, the President, as salesman-in-chief, for his budget, health care, energy policy and education.
BEGALA: I think when you have Michael Jordan you want to give them the ball.
CROWLEY: The problem is, at this moment, the President is the only one on the court.
Candy Crowley, CNN, Washington.
COOPER: Well, it is easy in all this to get lost in the anger over AIG, justifiable.
But exactly where do we stand with the economy? Has anything gotten better or is it just still heading south? The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office is now projecting $9.3 trillion in deficit spending over the next nine years in part because government spending rises in recession and tax revenue drops.
It's a measure of how the economy is doing this week. It's not the only one, though. And there is some better news to go with it. We're talking about "Your Money, Your Future.
Ali Velshi is here with a quick rundown. Ali, how did the economy fare this week?
ALI VELSHI, CNN CHIEF BUSINESS CORRESPONDENT: Anderson, while you were out and while we were talking a whole lot about AIG, some things were actually happening on the economy that weren't altogether bad. Now, we have to be careful to decide on trend based on a week's information.
And I'll tell you a few things that are happening that might be of interest to you. Let's look at stocks, you're 401(k)s, your IRA's. Look at the DOW, closing at 7,278. Boy, there a lot of people relieved to see it at the seven at the beginning of that.
For the week, that's only an increase of seven-tenths of a percent. But it's an increase and its two weeks in a row of the increases. And that is the first time since May of 2008 that we've seen two weeks of -- in a row of increases on the stock market. That's not a trend, but it's encouraging. Let's take look at jobless claims. These are the number of people who have filed for unemployment benefits for the first time; 658,000 -- that is an enormous number of people. 658,000 people at the unemployment office or online for the first time. But take a look at that, down 12,000 from the week before.
So, again, not a trend, but it is encouraging.
Finally, mortgage rates, somewhere in the middle of this week, while we were worrying about AIG, the Federal Reserve injected more than $1 trillion into the economy. $750 billion of that went to Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to buy mortgages from your bank, giving your bank more ability, more money to lend people money.
That made it easier to get a loan and to sell a house. Mortgage rates, a 30-year fixed mortgage, if you have an 80 percent -- you put an 80 percent down, going down to 4.89 percent. And that is tying the record that we had down in January for the lowest rates on record. 4.89 percent means that it becomes very attractive for people to buy homes.
So we've got a few things. Again, I really don't want to jump on a bandwagon here --
VELSHI: To suggest we're getting better, but, boy, we are look at some better numbers than we've seen in weeks.
COOPER: There have been some bank closings though this week?
VELSHI: That's right in fact, they typically happen on a Friday night and they happened tonight. We've had three bank closures and two credit unions closing. But they are orderly. These are small banks. And it's an orderly closing.
The FDIC, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, has moved in and they do what they always do. They're protecting the deposits of people who are under those limits and those bank accounts will be accessible to clients as of Monday morning.
COOPER: All right. Maybe no trends but a little bit of good news.
COOPER: So that's something good for the weekend.
VELSHI: We'll take it.
COOPER: Yes, Ali thanks.
We're going to talk about the damage control the President has been engaging in all week with our panel. But I want to point out something else the President did today. He reached out to an adversary, in this case, Iran.
In a taped message Mr. Obama tried to reach beyond the Mullahs who control Iran directly to the people. Listen.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
B. OBAMA: So in this season of new beginnings, I would like to speak clearly to Iran's leaders. We have serious differences that have grown over time. My administration is now committed to diplomacy that addresses the full range of issues before us and to pursue constructive ties among the United States, Iran and the international community.
This process will not be advanced by threats. We seek instead engagement that is honest, and grounded in mutual respect.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
COOPER: Let's "Dig Deeper" on the President's week. We're joined by Joe Johns, Dana Bash and Ed Henry.
Ed, what's the consensus in Washington about whether this week was a win or a loss for President Obama, in terms of trying to get his message out?
ED HENRY, CNN SENIOR WHITE HOUSE CORRESPONDENT: Well, the President said on "The Tonight Show" last night, that being President is a little bit like being on "American Idol" and all the critics are Simon Cowell.
So I think, if this were an "American Idol" episode, you would have Simon Cowell saying it was awful; it was one of his worst weeks.
But on the other hand, the President has a point that this crisis didn't take a week to get into it. We're not going to get out of it in a week either. He clearly needs more time. This is one week they're glad it is over, though. Right now, they want to move on to next week quickly.
COOPER: Dana, you and Joe have been doing our reporting all week, talking to a lot of people. Dana, you were talking to Chris Dodd in which he reversed himself on his involvement in all of this AIG bonus. How do you think the President ends this week?
DANA BASH, CNN CONGRESSIONAL CORRESPONDENT: I agree with Ed. I mean, just looks at beginning of the week. President Obama said on this AIG issue, he's angry and it ended pretty much with him saying blame me. And that's no doubt in part at least of what we uncovered this week from Democrats on Capitol Hill.
President Obama's fellow Democrats saying that it was the Obama administration that resisted and actually rejected the idea of prohibiting these bonuses. And I can tell you even right now, Anderson, the action that's going on Capitol Hill, as far as they're telling us behind the scenes, the White House is not happy about it even at this very minute.
COOPER: Joe, what are they particularly not happy about?
JOE JOHNS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Of whether -- certainly not happy about the fact that this bill that passed the House of Representatives could actually be a remedy that's worse than the original problem.
When people are talking about, for example, a bunch of the banks that got so much of the bailout money actually giving it back and taking liquidity out of the economy; that is sort of going in the wrong direction for them.
There is the issue of going back on contract law, a whole number of things connected to this bill that they certainly don't like and are going to have to decide what they do with it once it gets to the President's desk. It's tough right now.
COOPER: We're going to have more with our panel in a moment.
And let us know what you think? Join the live chat happening now at AC360.com. I'm about to log on myself, check out also Randi Kaye's live Web cast during our commercial breaks tonight.
So up next, Sarah Palin -- she's back -- and she wants to give back some stimulus money and even some money for kids with special needs. So is that a principled stand or just presidential politics at play? You decide for yourself. We'll tell you the facts.
Later, some of President Obama's message on "The Tonight Show" the pundits missed. It sounds like a major mission about the banking mess and this...
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
MICHELLE OBAMA, FIRST LADY OF THE UNITED STATES: Let's hear it for vegetables.
M. OBAMA: Whoo, whoo. Hear it for fruits. Yes. What, did I hear a boo?
(END VIDEO CLIP)
COOPER: Yes, not a big fan of vegetables myself. They might not like all fruits and vegetables but with first lady Michelle Obama's help, they are planting them at the White House. We'll show you where and why the White House now has a vegetable garden when 360 continues.
COOPER: We told you at the top President Obama laying out new ways he says of adding more accountability to his recovery plan and limiting the influence of lobbyists and how the way money is spent.
California's Republican Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger applauded his efforts and eagerly is taking stimulus money for his hard-hit state. Take a look. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, (R) CALIFORNIA GOVERNOR: The Democrats and Republicans have to work together in order to solve the problems. That is the important thing. So that's why I am supporting the President. And that I am appreciative of the economic stimulus package that he put out there.
California's benefiting. It is putting people back to work. And so I think that's the case all over the country. So I will always be supportive.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
COOPER: Alaska Governor Sarah Palin, though and not so much. As other Republican governors with presidential ambitions have, she it trying to turn down a big chunk of money. Even though according to the Anchorage Daily News, she's giving up $170 million for education including money for special needs students. Even though there is $642 million and Palin requested spending in the stimulus.
Here is Tom `.
TOM FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: In Alaska, spring came chilly and Governor Sarah Palin is giving the stimulus a cold shoulder too, taking $642 million for roads, airports and more but turning away nearly $290 million, over 30 percent of the funds marked for her state.
SARAH PALIN, (R) ALASKA GOVERNOR: The strings attached to Washington's stimulus package are real and they're binding.
FOREMAN: The Governor is saying no to money for what she called expanding unemployment benefits, immunization, senior care and more, including $171 million for education, which could include new and expanded programs she says the state will not be able to pay for when the stimulus money runs out.
PALIN: And we can't afford to have the federal government give us back our own income tax money to build a bigger, more expensive government, then leave it to us to fund this growth in two years.
FOREMAN: Some other Republican Governors were already opposing stimulus money along the same lines, despite opposition in their own legislatures; in Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, and Alabama. In South Carolina, Governor Mark Sanford wants to buy down state debt.
The White House has said no. The whole point of the stimulus is to spend it. They're going back and forth. Democrats have been attacking.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: South Carolina is facing tough times, but Governor Sanford is playing politics instead of doing what's right. FOREMAN: Governor Palin says she will listen to her critics if they can show her how to take more money without taking on future budget problems.
PALIN: Public discussion has got to ensue on all those other dollars that some will say you left on the table.
FOREMAN: But this issue underscores a genuine difference between those who say any governor who takes this money without looking for the strings is shortsighted and those who say any governor who turns down help in these hard times is foolish.
Tom Foreman, CNN, Washington.
COOPER: Up next, more of President Obama's appearance on "The Tonight Show" and what he's saying about why it is still so tough to get a bank loan.
Also, Bernie Madoff -- new letters and emails released today to the court from his victims and a judge ruled on whether or not he can get out of jail before sentencing. We'll tell you what happened.
And painful new questions tonight about the care Natasha Richardson got and crucially when she got it.
All that ahead.
COOPER: So nearly 13 million Americans watched President Obama last night on the "Tonight Show" on NBC. And before I ask the panel how they think he did, take a look at the President's take on his first two months in office.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
LENO: Now, it's only, what, 59 days now, right?
B. OBAMA: Yes, 59 days.
LENO: And so much scrutiny. Is it fair to judge so quickly?
B. OBAMA: Well, look, we are going through a difficult time. I welcome the challenge. I ran for President because I thought we needed big changes.
And I do think in Washington it is a little bit like "American Idol" except everybody is Simon Cowell.
LEMON: Wow. Wow. That's rough. That's rough.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
COOPER: And back with our panel, Simon Johns, Simon Bash and Simon Henry.
Ed, a lot of people still talking about his Jay Leno appearance; I want to play something else the President said about the billions of taxpayer dollars that have gone to the banks so far. Take a look.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
B. OBAMA: Well, what's happening is a lot of these banks are keeping it in the bank...
B. OBAMA: Because their balance sheets have gotten so bad that they decided, you know what, for us to stay solvent we need to maintain certain capital ratios. We've got to have a certain amount of capital in the bank and they haven't started lending it yet.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
COOPER: If the whole point of giving banks all the money was to get credit flowing again and the banks, by the President's admission, are not lending anything, then is the President basically saying the plan is not working?
HENRY: Yes, in a way he was. And what is amazing about that is in the next few days, the President and his Treasury Secretary are going to come out and tell the American people, we need to give some of the banks even more money. That's how messed up the situation is.
In another moment, in the last couple of days, when I was in California with him, it didn't get a lot of attention, as the President had a town hall meeting said that dealing with AIG and some of these other institutions is like dealing with somebody whose got a suicide bomb strapped to their chest and they've got their hand on the trigger and you're trying to get them to talk -- talk themselves down.
I mean, that's pretty remarkable for the President of the United States to compare some of these institutions to essentially suicide bombers. If you don't give them what they need, they're going to blow up the economy, essentially.
But this is a situation he's in where he's got to deal with these institutions and if he lets them fail, this could get a lot worse. He's in a tough spot.
COOPER: So Dana, how is that going to be received on Capitol Hill when the President goes and asks for more money?
BASH: I mean, I cannot even imagine what that is going to be like, Anderson. Because the last time the President, actually both Presidents, at the same time came and asked for money it was incredibly, incredibly difficult. It was a wrenching vote.
Now, I just -- it's really hard to imagine Congress with the kind of outrage that they're hearing from their constituents, it's hard to imagine them, then actually being able to do this. But the reality is, you heard Ed say it, and they know on Capitol Hill that it is likely going to come. They're going get a request. Boy, that is going to be a debate that is going to be fascinating to watch.
COOPER: Joe, I want to play something else that the President said last night on Leno. Let's take a look.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
B. OBAMA: I do think, though, that the American people are all in a place where they understand it took us a while to get into this mess.
B. OBAMA: It's going to take a while for us to get out of it. And if they have confidence that I'm making steps to deal with issues like health care and energy and education, that matter deeply to their daily lives, then I think they're going to give us some time.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
COOPER: This has become a familiar refrain from the Obama administration that they need time. I mean, is that working? His approval numbers are still good, right?
JOHNS: Yes, his numbers are very good. It looks like the Americans are giving him some time.
On the other hand, there is a question of Congress and the people he's got to deal with to get his plan moving.
For example, this thing -- again, going through the House and the Senate right now has the possibility of sort of keeping the private investors who would be helping out on the public/private bailout investment plan from jumping in. So those are the kinds of people they have to deal with right now, along with the public.
The other issue, of course is, is there Obama fatigue? Apparently not yet; they will know when the public gets sick of them and they'll know it from the numbers.
COOPER: I want to show just, Ed, one more moment from Leno last night; another humorous moment from the President.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
B. OBAMA: I don't see why they would throw the game, except for all those Secret Service guys with guns around them.
LENO: Yes right, exactly. Exactly.
B. OBAMA: I will say that I don't think I get the hard fouls that I used to.
LENO: Yes, all right, yes.
B. OBAMA: Usually I...
LENO: Oh, I missed. Oh.
B. OBAMA: Now, Reggie doesn't do that. There's Reggie, I love my assistant, and he played for Duke, very competitive guy. He doesn't let me win because as he pointed out, if you lose to Obama, you never hear the end of it.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
COOPER: And clearly Ed, the White House wants to put the President out there as much as possible. Clearly in a situation like this, you know, he's a very likable person. That comes across, even though those who may not agree with him -- that was him talking about playing basketball and stuff.
Is there any concern that among the White House staffers that he's over exposed?
HENRY: Top White House aides continue to tell me that they don't think he is overexposed. They think he's their best asset and they also look back to former President Bush. And their strategy behind the scenes is that basically they think President Bush missed an opportunity to use the bully pulpit on issues like the economy, the war in Iraq and lost the backing of the American people.
So they're going to continue to go out there and the proof is in the pudding that they're not worried about the overexposure.
He's going to be on "60 Minutes" this Sunday night and he's going to be having a second primetime news conference Tuesday night. They're putting him out there again.
COOPER: If he shows up on "American Idol," we're in trouble.
Joe Johns, Dana Bash and Ed Henry thanks, have a good weekend.
BASH: Thank you.
COOPER: It turns out hard times -- times are hard, of course, well for fraudsters. Recession scammers are out in full force right now and trying to take your money. Just ahead, Joe Johns and how the crooks are trying to fool you.
Also ahead, some disturbing new details about the crucial hours after Natasha Richardson's skiing accident. CNN has learned that the actress didn't reach the hospital until nearly four hours after she fell, that's almost three hours later from that resort where it happened, where they first said.
So why the discrepancy and did the delay cause her death? We'll take a look at that.
Also, Michelle Obama getting some help breaking ground for a 21st Century Victory Garden. She takes a break to talk about vegetables.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
M. OBAMA: That's what I found with my kids. Especially if they were involved in planting it and picking it, they were much more curious about giving it a try.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
COOPER: As if times weren't tough enough, recession fraud is on the rise. I don't know if any of you have got any of these phony emails or calls, but they are really outrageous. Even as your family is struggling to stay ahead, a band of mini-Madoff is out there is trying to take your hard-earned cash. They're promising a quick fix for your credit problems or a phony windfall.
Joe Johns tonight is "Keeping them Honest."
JOHNS: Last week Demetrius Wilkins of the Washington area got this authentic-looking check in the mail from Canada for almost $5,000 and a letter saying he'd won the lottery. But it also said he owed almost $4,000 in taxes and needed to pay up.
Suddenly Demetrius wasn't feeling so lucky and he knew this was too good to be true.
DEMETRIUS WILKINS, RECEIVED FAKE CHECK: The document itself looks real in all accounts, but it's just not. Because I didn't enter any specific sweepstakes and this is basically just to get your hopes up in the hard economic times.
JOHNS: We called telephone numbers connected to the company offering this deal and asked a man who answered the phone if he was ripping people off. Several times he repeated a phrase we can't say on TV but never answered the question.
In New York, Heather Dunleavy had her identity stolen twice. It cost her $15,000 in 2007 and $2,500 last year. Both times she got her money back and police even got a picture of the suspect in a bank. But so far, no arrests.
HEATHER DUNLEAVY, IDENTITY STOLEN TWICE: The worst part is just not knowing who is doing this and knowing that there is someone out there who has all this information about you. I think that's just scary to think about that someone out in -- who knows where -- has this information about me. It is really something that never stops.
JOHNS: There are even scams playing off of the recent stimulus package.
JOHN KROGER, OREGON ATTORNEY GENERAL: People purporting to be from the federal government ask people to provide information such as a bank account number where their stimulus package can be deposited. And unfortunately, you know, if a small number of people go along with this, that means big bucks for the criminals.
JOHNS: Oregon Attorney General John Kroger has a scam alert network and business is booming, thanks mainly to foreign fraudsters on the Internet.
KROGER: We've received an enormous volume of complaints, they're up about 55 percent from last year this time.
JOHNS: So what is a law abiding citizen to do? Guard your personal information, of course. Check your credit reports. Nicole Robinson, once a victim herself, is now an identity theft consultant.
NICOLE ROBINSON, IDENTITY THEFT CONSULTANT: My demand over the last year has gone up probably about 50 percent.
JOHNS: She says don't fall for official sounding requests for personal information.
ROBINSON: What people need to know is that the government is never going to send you an e-mail and ask you for your social security number. The government is not going to call you on the phone and ask you for your social security number.
JOHNS: Common sense, but more may be need. The Oregon attorney general is calling for new federal legislation to crack down on thieves using the recession as an opportunity to steal from you.
Joe johns, CNN, Washington.
COOPER: Yes. Watch out for that stuff.
Still ahead, Michelle Obama breaks new ground, literally. Why the first lady and a small army of fifth graders spent the afternoon digging up the White House lawn.
But first, Randi Kaye has the "360 News and Business Bulletin" -- Randi.
RANDI KAYE, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Anderson, 20 states launching AIG bonus investigations today as Connecticut subpoenas CEO Edward Liddy and 11 other top executives. Home to many AIG employees, Connecticut is demanding employee contracts and other documents related to the $165 million in bonuses paid out last week. AIG officials are citing a Connecticut law to justify those payments.
Madoff Ponzi scheme victims in their own words. A Manhattan court today released dozens of letters and e-mails that victims sent to prosecutors expressing their outrage and even suggesting specific punishments. Bernard Madoff is facing a potential 150-year prison term. An appeals court today denied his request for bail pending sentencing.
Meanwhile, Madoff's wife Ruth Madoff ventured out of her New York penthouse last night for a little grocery shopping. She and her bodyguard reportedly got as far as Aisle 2 before paparazzi chased them back home.
And finally, a hero story: publisher William Morrow announcing today a two book deal with US Airways pilot Chesley Sullenberger. The first a memoir touching on his boyhood, his military service and, of course, his odds defying perfect landing on New York's Hudson River.
COOPER: Wonder what the second one will be about.
KAYE: Yes. What will be left after that?
COOPER: Right. I know. Yes.
We all know the job market is more competitive now. But did you know a growing number of job seekers are having plastic surgery? Here is a before and after of one woman who wanted to look younger to stay competitive and she already has a job. More tonight on jobs and cosmetic procedures.
And Michelle Obama, breaking ground on a White House vegetable garden with the help of fifth graders and the president promising to pull weeds. See if that happens. The first family is growing their own vegetables. That means plenty of leafy greens for the White House table and a lesson in healthy eating for kids.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
MICHELLE OBAMA, FIRST LADY OF THE UNITED STATES: I've been able to have my kids eat so many different things that they would have never touched if we had bought it at a store because they either met the farmer that grew it or they saw how it was grown, they were curious about it and then they tried it and usually they liked it.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
Tonight, a face-lift, a sign of just how bad the job market is. Older Americans seeking work are increasingly having plastic surgery to look younger and be more competitive. In tonight's "Uncovering America" report, here is Gary Tuchman.
GARY TUCHMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: When 69-year-old George Dorsett retired in 2005, the businessman couldn't wait to spend more time with his children and grandchildren and live on his savings and social security.
GEORGE DORSETT, RETIRED JOB SEEKER: Between the two, the combination of the two, I should be all right. Didn't happen.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: So if you go to the website aarp.org/realrelief, you'll have access to this.
TUCHMAN: So now George is un-retiring, attending a seminar with other people in their 50s, 60s and 70s, learning the best way to find a new job. With this economy, they can't afford to live their golden years like they dreamed.
DORSETT: It really makes you feel terrible because you feel like you paid your dues. And you should be able to travel, kick back, and relax and enjoy the rest of your life.
TUCHMAN: A survey of workers over 60 by careerbuilder.com shows that 60 percent have decided to postpone their retirement due to the impact of the financial crisis.
Did you right away know that it would be harder to find a job because you were older than a lot of other people looking for jobs?
GARY PETERS, LAID OFF WORKER: Absolutely.
TUCHMAN: Gary Peters is 58, a baby boomer, but was just laid off from a management position. He feels he looks older than his age and that it works against him when he's up for a job opening. So...
PETERS: I'm contemplating having these sacks under my eyes removed. And I guess then the doctor would lift my face up and help remove this chin that I have.
TUCHMAN: Dr. David Whiteman is a board certified plastic surgeon in Duluth, Georgia.
DR. DAVID WHITEMAN, PLASTIC SURGEON: We have had people that have frankly said, "I have been laid off. I'm not as young as I used to be, this is a very competitive job market and I need to compete with younger people vying for the same position."
TUCHMAN: This is 54-year-old Debbie Scott, or this was Debbie Scott a few months ago. This is her today. She is a patient of Dr. Whiteman.
DEBBIE SCOTT, PLASTIC SURGERY PATIENT: I just can hold my head back up again. It gave me the confidence back that I had lost a little bit.
DR. WHITEMAN: Scars look like they're doing fine, actually.
TUCHMAN: Debbie is a real estate agent who felt her pre-surgery appearance was affecting her livelihood.
SCOTT: It just gives me an overall better image of myself and I'm sure that I portray that to other people and my customers.
TUCHMAN: As for George Dorsett he figures he needs to work for another five years and then hopefully retire again.
DORSETT: I can relax a little bit in that period of time.
TUCHMAN: But first, he needs to find another job, just shy of birthday number 70.
Gary TUCHMAN, CNN, Atlanta.
(END VIDEOTAPE) COOPER: So hard for so many people out there.
Next on "360," loved ones remember Natasha Richardson. Today's wake held for the actress, Liam Neeson, Vanessa Redgrave, many others were there. We'll have the latest.
Also tonight, questioning the ski resort's account of the tragedy. Did it take hours longer than originally reported for Richardson to reach the hospital? The story coming up.
And then on this first day of spring, something new for the White House. Michelle Obama, we have been talking about a lot tonight, bringing a vegetable garden to the south lawn. We'll show you how she planted it with local fifth graders. We'll be right back.
COOPER: Tonight, new developments in the tragic death of Natasha Richardson. A wake for Richardson was held in Manhattan today at the American Irish Historical Society. Richardson's husband Liam Neeson who attended an emotional vigil on Broadway last night was joined by Richardson's mother Vanessa Redgrave and sister Joely Richardson along with other family members and close friends.
Her private funeral service will be this weekend.
Richardson died Wednesday of blunt trauma to the head after falling on a beginners ski slope in Canada. Now the resort where the incident happened said the 45-year-old actress was taken to a local hospital about an hour after the accident. But today the ambulance service that was called to the resort disputes that timeline saying Richardson did not arrive at the hospital until nearly four hours after she fell, that's nearly a three-hour difference from what the resort originally said.
These new developments are raising serious legal and medical questions. Could her life have been saved?
Joining us tonight, chief medical correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, who is a neurosurgeon, and attorney Chris Davis who specializes in medical malpractice and personal injury.
Sanjay, now that we have the full timeline of events after Natasha Richardson's fall, would you say that timing played a role in her death?
DR. SANJAY GUPTA, CNN CHIEF MEDICAL CORRESPONDENT: You know, absolutely. I think when it comes to these types of injuries, where there is blood accumulating underneath the skull, you have to try and operate on these as quickly as possible.
It is tough to give an exact timeline, but if you look at an image like this, and pay attention to that red spot, that red collection of blood starting to form, it has nowhere to go but push down on the brain. The operation that removes something like this is pretty -- relatively simple as far as neurosurgical procedures go but timing is key.
If I can just show you really quick, Anderson, on a model like this, if you're looking at a skull model here, you basically have to try and just simply remove some of the bone and take that pressure off the brain and then put the bone back after the blood is removed. That's what you have. It is a pretty short operation but you got do it quickly.
COOPER: Chris, could the ski resort be liable in her death?
CHRIS DAVIS, ATTORNEY, DAVIS LAW GROUP: I think that's a possibility. I think there is some serious questions that need to be answered. From my understanding, initially which reported that she received fairly prompt medical attention. And now we're learning from reports that perhaps the EMT or the emergency crew never even made contact with her.
COOPER: Right, the ambulance said that they basically saw her from a distance, but that she declined to be treated by them.
DAVIS: Yes. And that raises a serious question because certainly in our jurisdiction when an emergency crew arrives on the scene, they have a duty to at least make contact with the person that has been injured, check that person out, ask the person questions, especially in cases of head injury when oftentimes the person -- the judgment is the first thing that may go.
COOPER: Sanjay, though, if someone has fallen, though, and, you know, if it takes two or three hours for them to really feel -- start feeling effects, would an EMT crew be able to determine something just by casually interacting with somebody?
GUPTA: Keep in mind, that the amount of force to cause this sort of bleeding on the brain was probably a significant force. She developed what is called an epidural hematoma, which is that blood collection we showed. If someone were to watch that fall they probably would have noticed her take a pretty hard hit to the ground.
Also, almost without question, she probably had some disturbance of her overall consciousness. While she may not have lost consciousness, she may have been confused, she may have been unable to do some pretty simple tasks like counting backwards from 20, be unable to know exactly where she was, what day it was. Just sort of simple things you check for in the field.
So, you know, there are probably clues even early on, Anderson.
COOPR: Chris, at this point, what else as an attorney would you look at?
DAVIS: Well, you know, I would look at the situation. I look at a case and I say, "Ok, what was done -- how could this incident have been prevented? What was done or not done that contributed to this horrific event?" I certainly would start with the resort and their policies and procedures. Did they have those in place? Were they followed in this situation when somebody is being taken off the hill after an injury?
COOPER: Does it also raise questions to you that the resort came out quickly, they were the initial source on a lot of the information that was out there days ago. And they were the ones who were saying, "Look, it was an hour and she was walking around and laughing." And now, according to this ambulance, it was actually four hours.
DAVIS: That's very questionable and suspicious. And like Dr. Gupta said, I find it hard to believe given that there is a death here that she did not exhibit some clear head injury symptoms soon after the initial trauma, like feeling dazed and disoriented and, you know, acting -- the feeling that she's not herself.
COOPER: Sanjay, what you said before is important, I think, for a lot of people just so they don't freak out every time they fall. I mean, it has to be a pretty significant fall.
And what should somebody look for in the immediate aftermath of a fall to see if they may be having a problem?
GUPTA: Yes, it is a really good point.
What happened here is a very rare occurrence and it was sort of touted as this unusually innocuous fall. It probably was a pretty severe blow. If someone certainly loses consciousness at the time, that's obviously a sign that something more is going on. Or but if their consciousness has been disturbed in some way, they just seem sort of out of it, they get a really bad headache, if they get any weakness or numbness on one side of the body, those are all signs.
These can all be vague, but it is important to know that even with a -- what may have seemed like a not that big a deal as far as a fall goes, if it looked bad, if it -- if she had some sort of disturbance of consciousness, it needs to get checked out and get checked out as quickly as possible.
COOPER: Chris Davis, I want to thank you for being on.
And Sanjay welcome back. I know this is your first time back on the air since you had -- you have a new arrival. How is your family doing?
GUPTA: They're doing great. Thanks for asking, Anderson. Three girls now and we're delighted and overwhelmed at the same time. Not getting much sleep, but we're really happy. Thanks for asking.
COOPER: You're glowing so things must be good. It's great to have you back. Thanks.
GUPTA: Thanks, sir.
COOPER: Michelle Obama's garden party at the White House coming up, planting vegetables on the south lawn and getting a little help from her friends.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) M. OBAMA: So, are you ready to get to work?
M. OBAMA: All right. Tell us what we're going to do. Let's get up. Get some shovels. Come on, let's go. Let's go.
You guys have pairs (ph)?
(END VIDEO CLIP)
COOPER: Let's go is right. We're going to have more of Michelle's big dig coming up.
COOPER: Michelle Obama went green in a big way with the help of two dozen kids. The first lady broke ground on the White House vegetable garden. They're going to grow spinach and snow peas, carrots and more, apparently.
Michelle Obama wants Americans to eat better and hopes her backyard addition will help spread the word.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
M. OBAMA: That's what I found in my kids, especially if they were involved in planting it and picking it, they were much more curious about giving it a try.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
COOPER: I still don't like vegetables. Mrs. Obama says she's been talking about the garden since she first moved into the executive mansion? But who inspired her to plant those first seeds? Randi Kaye takes us "Up Close."
M. OBAMA: You can lift up the grass with the pitch fork. Go, go, go.
KAYE: Armed with a pitch fork and a shovel, First Lady Michelle Obama digs in to her next project. And 1,100 square foot vegetable garden on the south lawn of the White House.
M. OBAMA: I want to make sure that our family as well as the staff and all of the people who come to the White House and eat our food get access to really fresh vegetables and fruit. Because what I found with my girls, who are 10 and 7, is that they like vegetables more if they taste good.
KAYE: Everything grown here will be cooked in the White House kitchen or sent to a local soup kitchen.
Judging from this map of new garden, there will be plenty to go around. Spinach, kale, fennell, rhubarb, collard greens, even mint. And there will also be a couple of beehives, homemade honey.
M. OBAMA: We need a wheelbarrow.
KAYE: The first family, White House staff and more than two dozen students from D.C. Bancroft Elementary will tend the garden year round.
These kids have a garden of their own at school.
M. OBAMA: Let's hear it for vegetables.
M. OBAMA: Woohoo.
Hear it for fruits?
M. OBAMA: What, did I hear a boo?
KAYE: The first lady hope this is will encourage parents to talk with their kids more about making healthy choices.
M. OBAMA: I've been able to have my kids eat so many different things that they would have never touched if we had bought it at the store because they either met the farmer that grew it or they saw how it was grown.
KAYE: Renowned California chef, Alice Waters, a long-time proponent of locally grown and organic food has envisioned a vegetable White House for two decades. She tried convincing Hillary Clinton, no luck.
She sent this letter to the Obamas and it worked.
ALICE WATERS, RENOWNED CHEF: I call it a victory garden because it certainly harks back to a time when people cared enough to work together to make gardens as part of that war effort. We can band together now and help each other. The victory garden represents that.
KAYE: During World War II, victory gardens, as they were called, helped to feed troops and their families. First lady Eleanor Roosevelt had one. That's the last time there was a victory garden here. Since then, just herbs and limited container gardening on the White House roof.
But Michelle Obama has a real interest in promoting healthy families.
M. OBAMA: Are we done yet.
KAYE: And she isn't afraid to get her hands dirty getting the word out.
Randi Kaye, CNN, New York.
(END VIDEOTAPE) COOPER: All right, maybe I'll try vegetables.
Next on 360, Madoff meets the muppets. How would Sesame Street describe Bernie Madoff's $64 billion scam? See what Cookie Monster and Ernie have to say.
COOPER: For tonight's "Shot" Randi, Bernie Madoff's Ponzi scheme, kind of confusing, no doubt about that. But thanks to Ernie and Cookie Monster, even a child can understand it.
Here's Jimmy Kimmell's Sesame Street explainer. Watch.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ERNIE, SESAME STREET MUPPET: Okay, kids. Let's say I have money to invest. Hi, there -- and let's say Cookie Monster is Bernie Madoff.
COOKIE MONSTER, SESAME STREET MUPPET: Me want to invest your money. Me love, love your money.
ERNIE: Now these cookies are my nest egg. It's all the money I have in the world.
COOKIE MONSTER: Money, money, money, money.
ERNIE: And I give them to Bernie Madoff to invest.
COOKIE MONSTER: We make your 40 percent interest.
ERNIE: Thank you so much, Mr. Madoff. Ok, here it is.
Let's see now -- $1 and -- Bernie Madoff, all of my money is gone.
COOKIE MONSTER: Me so sorry, Ernie, bad market. Maybe you put off retirement. Bye-bye.
ERNIE: What do I do now? I don't have a penny to my name.
COOKIE MONSTER: Wrong -- me find one penny right here.
ERNIE: That's mine.
COOKIE MONSTER: Me know.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
COOPER: That about sums it up. Oh, nice. Didn't see that coming.
KAYE: It got violent there in the end.
COOPER: You can see all the most recent shots at Web site ac360.com. We'll have "Beat 360" coming up in just a moment.
Oh, let's do it now. Shall we? KAYE: Sure.
COOPER: Sure, we have a few minutes.
Our daily challenge to viewers to come up with a caption better than the one that we can come up with for a photo we put on the blog every day. That's how it works.
Tonight's picture, President Obama speaking during a meeting with California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger at the White House. Our staff winner tonight is Jill. Her caption: "Looks like it's time to share my Just For Men secret with the president?"
What? What is that?
Our viewer winner is Janine from Pennsylvania, her caption: "President Obama calls for the Terminator to go after the AIG bonuses."
KAYE: That's good.
COOPER: Janine congratulations. Your "Beat 360" T-shirt is on the way.
That does it for 360. Thanks for watching. Have a great weekend.
"LARRY KING" starts now.
I'll see you on Monday.