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ANDERSON COOPER 360 DEGREES
Shooting Death of Trayvon Martin; Sneak Peek to General Election Fight?; Whitney Houston's Death
Aired April 4, 2012 - 20:00 ET
THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
WOLF BLITZER, CNN ANCHOR: Thanks, Erin. We begin tonight "Keeping Them Honest" with new revelations in the Trayvon Martin killing that may pull you in two opposite directions about what happened and whether George Zimmerman fired in self-defense.
In a moment, a new version of that 911 audio tape that some believe has Zimmerman uttering a racial slur. The FBI now analyzing.
We did our own enhancements earlier, but have now used more sophisticated methods to uncover the truth.
Also Zimmerman's two attorneys are speaking out about why neither one has actually sat down and looked their client in the eye. They spoke to local station WOFL.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
HAL URIGH, ATTORNEY FOR GEORGE ZIMMERMAN: A thorough investigation ongoing in this case, there are cases where I want to hear my client's version and look in his eyes, and see if I believe him or not. In this case I understand the Sanford Police have already given him a voice-stress test. He passed that. The evidence seems to support his version of what happened so I don't necessarily need to look him in the eye.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BLITZER: All right. That's something new. George Zimmerman taking a voice stress test. Sanford Police won't comment on whether they put him through such a test when they questioned him, but they do say they use it, as do other Florida police departments.
"Keeping Them Honest," though, how reliable are they? We contacted an expert who did a study of the devices when used to question suspects about drug use. He says their ability to detect deception is, and I'm quoting now, "no better than flipping a coin."
Again, we don't know whether the Sanford Police Department subjected Zimmerman to such a test, nor if they used it as a basis for not charging him. We do know that the lead investigator had suspicions about his story.
And now the mother of a 13-year-old witness to the incident says that same investigator told her so. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
CHERYL BROWN, SON WITNESSED INCIDENT: The lead investigator from the Sanford Police Department stood in my family room and told me, this was absolutely not self-defense, and they needed to prove it. He told me, and I'm paraphrasing this quote, but read between the lines. This -- there are some stereotyping going on here.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BLITZER: That's the mother of a young witness on MSNBC.
Now the 911 tape of George Zimmerman's call as he was pursuing Trayvon Martin through the gated community he was patrolling. We should warn you right now you're going to hear some strong language. You might want to send your kids out of the room.
The two words you'll hear are an expletive and some believe a racial slur. When the question first came up 360's Gary Tuchman worked with one of our top audio experts to enhance the tape.
GARY TUCHMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT (on camera): Rick, can we play just that second word, what we think the second word is, and hear if that sounds any different?
TUCHMAN: I mean it certainly sounds like that word to me. Although you just can't be sure. That sounds even more like the word when using it -- when it was the F word before there.
RICK: That's correct.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BLITZER: All right, it seemed pretty clear then, but since then we've been able to use an even higher tech method to isolate what was said that night. Here again, Gary Tuchman.
TUCHMAN (on camera): This is Brian Stone, he's one of our senior audio engineers. Expert in this field. And you've enhanced the tape and we're going to listen to it. I have not listened to this tape either. Two weeks ago we did this I didn't listen to it because I wanted to listen to it for the first time on this equipment. The second version that's been enhanced I haven't listened to. Let's play it.
UNIDENTIFIED 911 DISPATCHER: Are you following him?
GEORGE ZIMMERMAN, SHOOTER: Yes.
UNIDENTIFIED 911 DISPATCHER: OK. We don't need you to do that? TUCHMAN: Now that certainly sounds much clearer than the first tape we listened to.
BRIAN STONE, CNN SENIOR AUDIO ENGINEER: Right. It's extremely clear now.
TUCHMAN (voice-over): Some are accusing George Zimmerman of using the racial slur "coons" in his 911 call. It was preceded by the F word.
(On camera): Can we play it again? Can you repeat it so we could hear it a few times? The problem is, this is very short, it's only about 1.6 seconds. So --
STONE: Roughly, yes.
TUCHMAN: So, once again, if we can repeat it a few times so we can hear it clearly. OK?
(Voice-over): With this new clearer audio, it's apparent the first word is a curse word. So we'll bleep it out for the rest of the story. It's the second word that's important to hear.
(On camera): I don't want to say what it sounds like this time with a lot of people are saying it sounds like, but let's play it a few times so the viewer can have an idea for themselves.
TUCHMAN: And make their own conclusion.
Let me stop it. Now it does sound less like that racial slur last time. I acknowledge the possibility it could have been that slur from listening in this room. This is state-of-the-art room, it doesn't sound like that slur anymore.
TUCHMAN: It sounds like, and we want to leave it up to the viewer, but it sounds like we're hearing the swear word at first and the word cold. And the reason some say that would be relevant is because it was unseasonably cold in Florida that night and raining. So that's what some supporters of Zimmerman are saying that that would make sense if he was saying the word cold. But does it what sounds like to you?
STONE: It does to me. And I have not heard this.
TUCHMAN: First time you've heard this?
TUCHMAN: Can we play it a few more times?
TUCHMAN: So the key is, though, the wind, to get rid of the wind.
STONE: Correct. Wind and anything broadband noise.
TUCHMAN: That's what we've done this time as compared to last time.
TUCHMAN: And so you basically used this plug in to just get rid of the noise.
STONE: This reduces and cleans up a lot of that broadband noise. Yes.
TUCHMAN: But does it change the voice at all? Could it change a word?
STONE: It will not change a word. No.
TUCHMAN: Just makes it clearer?
TUCHMAN: Brian, can you play that for us one more time?
TUCHMAN (voice-over): This is now the clearest audio we have heard of George Zimmerman's 911 call, but it's readily apparent there will still be controversy over what he really said.
Gary Tuchman, CNN, Atlanta.
BLITZER: All right. Joining me now, police veteran Lou Palumbo. He currently runs a private security firm. The Elite Group. Also joining us, our senior legal analyst Jeffrey Toobin and criminal defense attorney Mark Geragos.
It's a major issue as far as the Justice Department is concerned, that word, whether it was a bad word or simply saying it was cold. F'ing cold, shall we say? Because the Justice Department presumably wouldn't get involved in a civil rights case if the word is cold.
JEFFREY TOOBIN, CNN SENIOR LEGAL ANALYST: That's right. The only way the federal government has jurisdiction over this homicide is if they can prove there was some sort of racial hostility at the core of it. A simple shooting is a purely state matter and that would not -- then the federal government wouldn't be involved.
I mean there may be other evidence in the case. I mean this is obviously very important, it's not the only piece of evidence in the case. The Justice Department presumably will investigate every aspect of this to determine it, but certainly if the word is cold, not C-O-O- N, that is highly relevant. BLITZER: Mark Geragos, is -- is there some way this can be cleared up? It's an important point, 100 percent.
MARK GERAGOS, CRIMINAL DEFENSE ATTORNEY: Well, I don't know if anything's ever 100 percent in the criminal justice system, but this is precisely what they do. They go to an audio specialist, they and bring it up or enhance it, this is the -- the term that we use in the courts. And once they've enhanced it and they've gone through it, then everybody listens to it and tries to figure out, OK, he either said it or he didn't say it.
And as Jeff says, it's true. If there was a word there that's used that is racially charged, that is going to tend to kind of make their decision a lot easier. If there isn't, then they'll look at the surrounding circumstances. And we saw what happened with the NBC, I guess, enhanced tape or edited tape. If that doesn't play out, and it looks like it hasn't played out, then it makes it a much tougher decision for them to actually file a case federally.
TOOBIN: This is also a good example of why it's important to take your time. I mean when -- I remember when Gary Tuchman did his first report on it, and I sat here with Anderson and I thought I heard C-O-O-N. But this certainly sounds like cold. The FBI has the best enhancement facilities in the world.
Again, everybody wants this case to be wrapped up tomorrow. This just shows why it's important to say, hey, let's get all the best evidence we can.
BLITZER: And Lou, today we learned that Zimmerman was given what's called this voice stress test. You're familiar with this voice stress.
LOU PALUMBO, FORMER POLICE OFFICER: Yes. Voice stress analysis.
BLITZER: Tell us about it. Is this admissible? Is this useful?
PALUMBO: Well, it's not admissible, number one, the same way a polygraph isn't. Simply what the test is measurement of stress in your voice. In other words, they examine micro tremors in the muscles in your voice to -- in an attempt to determine truthfulness. And I don't particularly give it much credence. I think there are some people that do.
I think what's really happened here, though, is that this attorney has opened up a can of worms to maybe suggest that we take a full battery of tests, including a polygraph, and have it administered by someone like the FBI.
I didn't realize that the Sanford Police Department -- and I do -- I do want to say this. Forty-three states have adapted or adopted this means of screening or determining a case. The FBI and the CIA also use this. I don't think they use it for the purpose of resolution in criminal matters. They probably use it more for the purpose of screening candidates or if they have a confidential informant that's giving them a lead. But -- BLITZER: It's like a lie detector test, the voice stress test, but it's not necessarily all that reliable and certainly is not admissible.
Mark, let me bring you back into this conversation. We understand that in Florida, when an -- when you arrested an individual, the clock starts ticking to bring someone to a speedy trial. You're required to bring them to trial within 180 days. Could that explain why charges have not been brought against George Zimmerman?
GERAGOS: Well, there are speedy trial rights in every state. The thing here, and I haven't determined it and I'm not an expert in Florida law whatsoever, but what occurred to me at least initially is one of the reasons why they may not have -- and mind you, everybody at least was first reporting that he had not been arrested by any stretch of the imagination. That tape shows that he was under arrest.
What then triggers it is whether or not you have to take him to a magistrate within a certain period of time. Whether you have to take him directly, whether you have to take him within a certain number of hours because there are -- there is U.S. Supreme Court precedents and here in California, you'd have to get him in front of a magistrate in two to three days. Otherwise that case would be rejected.
That, I do not think, in this case, came to play. I think that there was a situation here from what I can gather and what the prosecutor has indicated that want ended up actually happening is that the police had him under arrest, that there was some discussion at least -- internally in the police department as to whether or not the "Stand Your Ground" law applied.
And then now once it goes over to the state's attorney's office, they don't have that pressure and they want to do frankly what most criminal defense lawyers would like to see a prosecutor do, analyze the case, interview the witnesses, make sure before you file something that you've actually done all of your home work, and they're got the luxury to do that now.
BLITZER: We'll see what happens. One quick point, go ahead.
PALUMBO: They didn't -- they didn't do that prior -- in the prior two weeks, everybody pretty much insisting that this case be taken a look at. For two weeks, this case basically sat there on the back burner. And until the pressure was exerted by the public, no one was looking at this case.
BLITZER: And they are looking at it right now. Lou Palumbo, thanks very much for coming in. Jeffrey Toobin, of course. Mark Geragos, thanks to you as well.
Let us know what you think. We're on Facebook and Google Plus, or follow me on Twitter at WolfBlitzerCNN. I'll be tweeting tonight.
A day after his three-state primary sweep, Mitt Romney now has resumed his attacks on President Obama who's giving as good as he's getting. How do their claims about each other, tough, stack up to the facts? We're "Keeping Them Honest" just ahead.
BLITZER: With victories last night in three more primary races, Mitt Romney now looks safely on track for the Republican presidential nomination. He's talking like a nominee and President Obama is treating him like one as well. You could see it in the governor's speech today to newspaper editors and the president's version of the -- to the same group yesterday.
Combined, they're like watching a trailer for the fall campaign. But "Keeping Them Honest," how true to the facts are they? Take this line from Governor Romney on the recession.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
MITT ROMNEY (R), PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: Now I've said many times before, the president did not cause the economic crisis. But he did make it worse.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BLITZER: All right, "Keeping Them Honest," when President Obama took office, the economy was in free fall, 4.5 million jobs lost in President Bush's last year and another 4.3 million jobs lost in the early Obama administration. But as you can see job losses slowed. Then gains started to appear and grew.
For March, for example, the economy is expected to add about 200,000 jobs on top of the 230,000 jobs in February. That means as of February, the economy under President Obama had gained back about 3.2 million of those 4.3 million jobs lost during his administration.
And according to a CNN Money survey of economists, all 4.3 million jobs lost on his watch could potentially come back by year's end.
Also on the economy, there's this claim about the administration's Economic Recovery Act.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
ROMNEY: The $787 billion stimulus included a grab bag of pet projects that languished in Congress for good reason, for years. It was less than jobs planned and more the mother of all earmarks. The administration pledged that their stimulus would keep the unemployment rate below 8 percent. It has been above 8 percent every month since.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BLITZER: Governor Romney is certainly right about that last part. Unemployment is now at 8.3 percent, up from 8.2 percent when President Obama took office, but down sharply from its peak of 10.1 percent in October of '09.
And as for the stimulus, the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office, says it increased employment, created jobs by anywhere from about a million to maybe as many as three million jobs. And as for the claim that the administration pledged to keep the jobs number under 8 percent, it comes from an estimate, not a pledge, in a report written by two top Obama economic advisers during the transition back in January 2009 shortly before the president took office.
Moving on to the president's speech, no outright falsehoods, but not always the whole truth. Take this on government regulation.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: You'd think they'd say, you know what, maybe some rules and regulations are necessary to protect the economy and prevent people from being taken advantage of by insurance companies or credit cards companies or mortgage lenders.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BLITZER: Now it is true that Governor Romney does want to repeal the law, tightening regulations on the financial industry, however, he's also said as recently as last night, and I'm quoting him now, we of course understand in a free market that regulations are necessary and critical.
There's also this about health care reform.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
OBAMA: There's a reason why there's a little bit of confusion in the Republican primary about health care and the individual mandate since it originated as a conservative idea to preserve the private market place in health care while still assuring that everybody got coverage, in contrast to a single-payer plan. Now suddenly this is some socialist overreach.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BLITZER: On this the president is right. The individual mandate was originally a conservative idea, even had some conservative support, by the way, while the Obama health bill was being drafted. Listen.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
SEN. CHARLES GRASSLEY (R), IOWA: I believe that there is a bipartisan consensus to have individual mandate.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BLITZER: That was Senator Charles Grassley of Iowa on FOX News. A leading conservative supporting the mandate at the time it was being drafted. However, "Keeping Them Honest," it's a mandate that President Obama opposed when running for office. Here is his drawing a contrast back in the 2008 debate with then presidential candidate Hillary Clinton who unlike President Obama supported the mandate.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
OBAMA: Clinton's plan and mine is the fact that she would force in some fashion individuals to purchase health care.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
BLITZER: Joining us now, Republican strategist and former George W. Bush press secretary, Ari Fleischer, and Democratic pollster, Cornell Belcher, who currently works for President Obama's re-election campaign.
Guys, thanks very much for coming in.
Cornell, it seems as if, as far as the Obama campaign is concerned, the Republican primary is over. At least that's the impression you're giving. What do you think?
CORNELL BELCHER, DEMOCRATIC STRATEGIST: Well, I think Pennsylvania will have a lot to say about that. I mean it keeps going along. You know. Santorum wins a couple. You know, Romney wins a couple. But I think he's not at the magical number yet. However, I think for Democrats, it's really about whether it's Santorum or whether it's Romney, they're all sort of cut from the same radical cloth from a policy standpoint and the same sort of policies. They're all back being the same policies that in our mind would undermine the middle class. They're all back in the same policies that -- in our minds, will undermine the middle class.
They're all for the Ryan budget plan. They're all for the Blunt amendment that would take power away from women and give it to their employees to make health care decisions for them. So whether it's Santorum or Romney, they all have to answer for their policies.
BLITZER: All right, you've seen some of these most recent poll numbers from the swing states, states that will be critical to these candidates in November. Disappointing numbers for Romney. Here's he question. Throughout this process, is he emerging as a weaker or stronger candidate?
ARI FLEISCHER, FORMER BUSH WHITE HOUSE PRESS SECRETARY: I'll answer that in just a second. But first it just saddens me, Wolf, when people talk about Americans as being radicals. We can have our political differences left and right, conservative and liberal, but I don't call anybody a radical on the left. I've never used that for Barack Obama and I just think it's one of the reasons that we are a country that's starting to fray at the seems instead of coming together. We should be cautious of the words we use.
Now as --
BLITZER: All right. Let me let -- hold that thought then. Let me let Cornell respond to that.
Cornell, you want to respond to that?
(CROSSTALK) BELCHER: Well, you know --
FLEISCHER: Although I responded to him so we're even.
BELCHER: Well -- well, you know, when you look at some of the policies that are being put forth by the Ryan plan that really sort of does away with Medicare as we know it. Something that our seniors have been looking, depending on for years.
I would argue that that's radical. When you're trying to give power back to Wall Street to write their own -- write their own rules and do the exact same things that got us into that mess, I think some of us look at that and say that's -- and say that's kind of radical. This is not the Republican party of a decade ago. I mean this is a different sort of Republicans.
FLEISCHER: You know, here's the -- here's the problem with that Wolf, the Barack Obama of just eight years ago was the one who said, Cornell's boss, there is no red America, there's no blue America, there's the United States of America. And now he's the one out there calling people, who just don't believe in his philosophy, radicals.
You know you can disagree and still love this country and not be a radical. That's what is so divisive about the language that President Obama and his pollster are now using. That's why this country feels like we're always fighting instead of figuring things out.
BLITZER: But in fairness, Ari --
FLEISCHER: The president should be the last person to engage in that.
BLITZER: In fairness, Ari -- yes, Ari, a lot of Republicans call the president a socialist. I mean the rhetoric on both sides can be intense.
FLEISCHER: Number one, I haven't. And number two, I don't believe Mitt Romney who is all but definite Republican nominee has. So if there are some people on the side, I'd call them out on it, too, Wolf. I'm consistent on that.
BLITZER: All right. Good for you. Let's talk about Romney. Is he a stronger candidate now or a weaker candidate?
FLEISCHER: He is weaker and he's running against a weaker president. One of the factors going on is this Republican primary has not strengthened our frontrunners. I think you can make the case it's actually brought them down and their favorable and unfavorable opinion ratio. But the same thing happened to President Obama. He began his presidency with a 10 percent disapproval, it's increased almost five times now, he's just under 50 percent in disapproval.
So his presidency hasn't served him well. The Republican primary hasn't served Republicans very well in terms of popularity, and the American people are just in a bad mood, a surly mood about almost everybody in public life. It's a warning to everyone.
BLITZER: Cornell, your team certainly had a lot of fun pointing out Mitt Romney's weakness with the conservative base. But you look at some of these exit poll numbers last night, he seems to be making some real progress with a lot of those voters.
BELCHER: Well, I -- well, I'm going to pull a Ari here and respond to Ari.
You know, when -- when you go back to '08 and look at how, you know, the battle between Hillary and then senator Obama, and as the process went on, voters didn't start to dislike the then senator Barack Obama more. They didn't. They didn't start to dislike him more.
You're now looking at a nominee in Romney who's up -- who's under water in his favorable/unfavorable. And he starts off in a weaker position than most candidates and quite frankly, you just don't want your candidate starting off under water when by the way we haven't really begun spending money to even attack him.
So it is qualitatively different from what it was in '08. And you certainly don't see the sort of energy and the sort of crowd, and the more -- and the new people coming into the process wanting to vote this time around, like you saw in '08. So I think that's -- so I think that's fundamentally different from now from what we saw in '08.
BLITZER: Ari Fleischer, Cornell Belcher, guys, thanks very much for coming in.
BELCHER: Thank you.
FLEISCHER: Thank you.
BLITZER: We have breaking news we're following tonight. The L.A. coroner has just released the final autopsy report for Whitney Houston, and there are new details about the role cocaine played in her death. Dr. Drew Pinsky joins me just ahead. He's got plenty to say about this.
BLITZER: The Los Angeles County Coroner has released the final autopsy report on Whitney Houston's death. From the preliminary report, we already knew the singer's death was ruled an accidental drowning with heart disease and cocaine use. You cited as contributing factors.
The final report says Houston drowned face down in a tub of hot water about 12 inches deep. It also describes a white substance found on the counter and spoon near her body.
Dr. Drew Pinsky, the host of HLN's "Dr. Drew," has followed the story right from the beginning. He's joining us now on the phone.
Dr. Drew, this report is a pretty grim accounting of the final hours of her life. You've gone through it. It's -- how serious of a report is this?
PINSKY (via telephone): Wolf, the shocking thing about this report, and I want to assure you that I have a completely different interpretation from the preliminary report that was put out that somehow the cocaine had precipitated a cardiac event or that significant heart disease had contributed to her demise.
The fact is this autopsy report showed that she had nominal heart disease, almost none, not sufficient to explain what happened to her. You also mentioned she was found face down in water. How would you have heart attack or take too much medication and slip into the water and drown and end up face down?
The way that happens is seizure. I add it up and I get seizure here. She had large amounts of Xanax found at her side in the bathroom, pill bottles that had been filled with large amounts last two months that are empty. Yet she had very low amounts of Xanax in her blood.
She had fatty metamorphosis of her liver, which is something from drinking alcohol a lot and yet had low levels of alcohol in her blood. So it may well be that she was actually not using these substances, had been, but was trying not to. A common feature of coming off those substances is seizure.
You want to really induce the seizure, put cocaine into your system on top of that and that's in fact what she did, moderate amounts of native cocaine were found. Meaning she had used within the last four to six hours prior to her death, maybe even minutes before.
BLITZER: Because the toxicology test measured, what, 0.58 micrograms of cocaine per milliliter of blood drawn from a vein in her right leg. As an expert with substance abuse, what does that level of cocaine specifically tell you?
PINSKY: It tells me specifically it's the metabolize of cocaine that are more interesting and the fact that she has non-metabolized cocaine, meaning that it was used recently, used moderately in all probability, and this idea that it caused a cardiac event I think is spurious.
I think it's an inappropriate and inaccurate conclusion. I think clearly here there was seizure activity that caused her to flip over and drown. This was actually someone trying not to use certain substances, but unfortunately add in a substance that commonly causes seizure and ends up in very, very serious trouble.
Again, this is, you know, the route to demise through chemical dependency is nefarious and here's somebody you never would have predicted this outcome and drowning ends up the result.
BLITZER: Yes, what a sad, sad story. Dr. Drew, thanks very much for joining us.
Still ahead, 360's ground-breaking study on kids and race. Tonight, we'll hear from 13-year-olds. But first, Susan Hendricks has a "360 News and Business Bulletin" -- Susan.
SUSAN HENDRICKS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Wolf, human rights groups in Syria report that a new round of government attacks killed at least 61 people today.
The Assad regime fired on civilian targets across the country even launching strikes from military jets. The regime is facing accusations of escalating violence ahead of the deadline next week to comply with the latest peace plan.
A United Airlines flight hit turbulence injuring 12 people on board that plane. It was flying from Tampa to Houston. Most of the injuries are described as minor, but some passengers came off that plane on stretchers and wearing neck braces.
The suspect in Monday's campus shooting at Oikos University made his first court appearance today. There is his mug shot. The judge ordered One Goh held without bail. He's now facing several charges including seven counts of murder and three counts of attempted murder.
Yahoo announcing 2,000 lay-offs today. That is about 14 percent of its entire work force. The company CEO says it may be just the first round of cuts too and he is radically streamlining the company. That's his plan.
You have to see this Canadian bear hunter. He was out find bate. He ended up saving the life of a cub instead. There he is. He brought this cute little guy home, nursed it back to health, even named it.
Wildlife officials took the cub to a zoo until they can find it a permanent home. After this experience, the hunter says he's done killing bears. Cute little guy. Wolf, back to you.
BLITZER: Very cute, very sweet, nice little bottle of milk. Thanks very much, Susan.
Tonight, we have new video coming in from Northern Texas. Shot by a man whose family was directly in the path of one of yesterday's tornadoes. He recorded what very well could have been their last moments. That story is next on 360.
BLITZER: Up close tonight, we're getting a fuller picture of those terrifying tornadoes that ripped across Northern Texas. Two hundred homes destroyed, more than 600 damaged, but not a single person killed. That's nothing short of amazing. Timing and sheer luck saved so many lives yesterday. The family you're about to meet is one example. Here's Gary Tuchman.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You see it coming down?
GARY TUCHMAN, CNN NATIONAL CORRESPONDENT (voice-over): The man shooting this video is a husband and father of two, and about to experience the most terrifying moments of his life.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: God, you can see the debris field. Look at that. Do you see it, Michelle?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yes, I saw it.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Look at it, right above your house. Look at the debris field. You got the kids in the bathroom? Get the kids in the bathroom. It's right there. Look, it's touched down. Look at the transformers. It is down.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: My God, did you hear that?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: That is a tornado.
TUCHMAN: This is the aftermath of that tornado. Here in Forney, Texas, east of Dallas, the local school, heavily damaged, more than 95 homes damaged or destroyed.
This video was shot by Brett Brown who was standing right here while he shot it, on top of his pickup, trying to pray it away.
(on camera): While you were shooting it, what are you thinking?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Please don't come here. Wow, my God. No! Get in the house! Go! Take cover.
TUCHMAN (voice-over): Brett's wife, Amber, went in the bathroom with two of her children and two neighbor children.
AMBER BROWN, FORNEY, TEXAS RESIDENT: It's terrifying as a person, for myself and then it's extra terrifying because of my children.
TUCHMAN: Amber showed us how she put the children in the tub and then they cried.
AMBER BROWN: It's hard to look into the eyes of your children and tell them it'll be OK, when you're not really sure you're going to be OK.
TUCHMAN: At around the same time, this is what her husband was saying.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Please keep us safe, my goodness. TUCHMAN: Seven people in Forney were hurt from this tornado, but nobody was killed.
(on camera): The parents in this neighborhood expressed great relief the tornado hit when it did. Because 30 minutes later, their kids were walking home from school.
(voice-over): There's a lot of rebuilding to do in this part of Forney, Texas, but there's great rejoicing here that nobody died. Brett Brown has already been told by his wife, Amber, he's not shooting tornado video the next time.
BRETT BROWN, SHOT VIDEO OF TORNADO: It's nothing like you see on Nat Geo or Discovery. It's a whole different animal when it's right in front of you.
BLITZER: Gary, it's really amazing, some would say miraculous, that no one was seriously hurt, but how strong was this tornado?
TUCHMAN: Yes, this was a very strong tornado, Wolf. The weather experts are saying the top winds were between 140 and 160 miles per hour. That makes it an EF3 tornado.
EF1 is the weakest, EF5 is the strongest. Now officially an EF3 tornado can cause severe damage. A last EF4 tornado could case devastating damage. That's what we saw at the deadly tornadoes in Illinois at the end of February.
So the video here was very dramatic, but the people here are very fortunate that mother nature didn't dial it up a little bit more -- Wolf.
BLITZER: Gary, thanks for the excellent reporting. Gary Tuchman reporting.
Coming up, a 360 special report on kids and race it continuous tonight. This week, we showed you what children as young as six told researchers in a groundbreaking study commissioned by 360. Tonight, especially appropriate as we consider the Trayvon Martin case the focus is on 13-year-olds.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: I'm different, the way I look and the way of my skin, at my previous school. They just kept on bullying me. I tried not to break, but I couldn't like hold on anymore. So I asked my mom can I leave.
BLITZER: Trayvon Martin's parents believed their son was a victim of racial profiling by an armed and overzealous neighborhood watch volunteer. The only thing we know for certain at this point is that Martin, a black teenager and George Zimmerman who's Hispanic crossed paths on a dark and rainy night with tragic results.
The role that racial bias may or may not have played in the fatal shooting is the subject of fierce debate, which makes 360's ground breaking study on kids and race especially timely. Here's Anderson.
ANDERSON COOPER, CNN ANCHOR: Tonight, we're continuing our AC 360 special report, "Kids on Race, The Hidden Picture." This project has been over a year in the making and its aim, to study children's attitudes on race and understand how and why they form their opinions.
Children can be a mirror of society and that is the starting point of this report. To look to the youngest generation and see how far we've really come when we talk about racial attitudes.
We teamed with renowned child psychologist, Dr. Melanie Killen to design this study. Now take a look at this. Dr. Killen and her team showed 13-year-old children this picture and asked them questions like what's happening here?
Are these children friends? Would their parents want them to be friends? The picture is designed to be ambiguous. What's happening is in the eye of the beholder.
Then they showed them this picture and asked the same questions. The only difference, the race of the kids was flipped. Both white and African-American children were tested.
And the psychologist showed a similar set of pictures to 6-year- olds. At our request, they also asked kids open-ended questions about race to understand how it plays into their own lives.
The responses were raw. Some of the experiences they describe are shocking. This is the reality of what kids see, hear, and think about race. Listen.
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: If you have the same skin, you can play together. But if you don't have the same skin, you can't play together.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: So why cannot you play together if you have different colored skin?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: Because your mom might not want to you play with that friend.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Do you think it would be easy for a kid to convince his parents that it would be OK to have other types of people over? Why not?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: I don't know probably because you might get in trouble. UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Why would a parent want you to get in trouble if you wanted someone to come over to your house who has a different skin color?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: Probably because they don't allow.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Why not? Why would some parents not allow other skin-colored kids to come over?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: Probably because they might not like that skin color.
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: If somebody has a different kind of skin color, if they're their friend, you always should be friends. So like I have tons of friends that are black and I'm white.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: So what happened with your friend's mom? That only wanted him to be friends with people who were the same color?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: Yes.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And so he didn't want you to be friends?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: Yes.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: How does that make you feel?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: Sad.
COOPER: Well, there was more. Our CNN study found signs of hope and progress as well. Watch.
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UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: It really doesn't matter what skin color they have. It's just their personality. That's what I judge people of off.
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: I think friendship is important for that reason because America can grow with different races holding hands and coming together to create one United States.
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COOPER: Last night we told you that when testing 6-year-olds the research showed an overwhelming majority of white kids were negative about interracial friendships.
The majority of black children, on the other hand, were positive. We discovered though a big difference between childhood and adolescence. Take a look.
(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE) COOPER: The study found when 6-year-old African-American children were asked about interracial friendships. The majority responded like this.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Do you think that Chris and Alex are friends?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: Yes.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And how much would they like it if the two were friends.
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: Really like it.
COOPER: But watch how they respond by age 13?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: She's a bully.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Do you think that Chris and Alex are friends?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: No, not really.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Do you think that Abbey's parents would like it if she were friends with Carrie?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: No.
COOPER: The optimism we heard from young black children fades with age. At age 6, 59 percent of black children think the two kids in the picture are friends. By 13, a total flip, 63 percent do not think they're friends, which matches white teens' attitudes.
Our expert says experiences like 13-year-old Jimmy's of rejection begin to explain the disappointing trend. He said a white friend's mom forbade her son to be friends with him.
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: They said it was because you're black. So you can't hang out with her and her son.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: So she kind of very openly said that the reason why her son could not hang out with you and your family was because you guys were black?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: Yes.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: How did that make your mom feel when she heard that?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: It made her mad.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: What was her response?
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: I'm not allowed to say that.
COOPER: Dante was bullied so badly because of his race. He had to change schools.
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: I've different in the way I look and the way my skin, at my previous school they went to. They just kept on bullying me and I didn't like it. I asked them to stop like over and over again. Then I tried to -- I tried not to break, but I couldn't like, hold on anymore. So I asked my mom, can I leave?
COOPER: By age 13, African-American kids match the pessimism of white kids when asked if the different races could be friends? Our expert, Dr. Killen says the decline happens because they've been given a reality check on race.
DR. MELANIE KILLEN, UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND: They're getting a lot of negative feedbacks. I think if you have that experience and you have repeatedly over a number of years, your optimism is going to decline because you've been told, you really don't belong here. You're really not part of us.
COOPER: Dr. Killen also says anxiety about interracial dating from black and white parents can have a profound effect on how their kids view friendships.
KILLEN: Parents of young children do often send messages about, we can all be friends, be friends with everybody, you know, they do send positive messages. But by adolescents, they start getting more nervous about this and they start thinking, you should be friends with people like you or like us.
SOLEDAD O'BRIEN, HOST, CNN'S "STARTING POINT": How are you? I'm Soledad.
COOPER: Soledad O'Brien asked some kids about the issue after this came up during their test.
O'BRIEN: Do you think your parents would be fine if you decided to start dating a black girl and brought her home?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Honestly, my parents probably wouldn't be too happy because if I was to marry a black girl, you're connected to their family now and who knows what her family is really like?
O'BRIEN: So they probably wouldn't be that excited about it?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Probably not.
COOPER: This girl admitted anxiety and a double standard for interracial dating in her family.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: If I were to date a white guy, a lot of people wouldn't have a problem with that. But if my brother were to bring home a white girl, there's definitely going to be some controversy.
O'BRIEN: From who? Your parents or you?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: From me, from me. Really, because I think it's more of a problem for people who a black man brings home a white woman, because it's been like that for years.
O'BRIEN: So it would matter to you?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I think it would. Unless, of course, she were not to act I guess so quote, unquote, "white."
O'BRIEN: What does that mean?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: You know, flipping the air, my God, ha, ha, ha they're so ghetto. No. No.
COOPER: There was some good news in our results as well. The racial balance of the school can make a major positive difference on how white kids view race.
The study tested kids from majority white, majority black and racially mixed schools. The difference was remarkable. Students at majority white schools were the most pessimistic about race.
Only 47 percent think their parents would approve of kids from different races being friends. In racially diverse and majority black schools, 71 percent are positive about it. The reason, according to Dr. Killen is friendships.
KILLEN: There's almost nothing as powerful as having a friend of a different race background to reduce prejudice. You have that experience, you can challenge stereotypes.
COOPER: These teams go to mixed race and majority black schools.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The color of your skin doesn't change the personality of who you are.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We're all people and we can all get along together.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: My grandparents have a lot of negative -- very racist against African-Americans and like other races, but it's 2012. So they have to, like, push that aside. And I'll be like, no, that's wrong to be -- and I'm like no, I'm friends with everyone.
COOPER: We're here with Dr. Killen and Soledad O'Brien. It was pretty sobering to hear that as black kids age, they become as pessimistic as white kids.
KILLEN: It's really true. I mean, we were struck by that and you have to think about why is that? Why is it that young kids tend to think you can be friends with different people and then they start getting messages?
I think part of it is from ages 6 to 13, you start getting an increasing number of messages. If you don't have opportunity for friendships, you don't have that opportunity to challenge the stereotypes. It starts getting more deeply entrenched. But by 13, there's also other issues that start coming up, things about dating. So that's when the messages from parents and society start getting much more negative.
As we move towards increasing intimacy, that's where people get more uncomfortable and more nervous about it and unfortunately, it kind of backfires because that's when kids start to back away. They start to think friendships aren't possible.
We really have to think about that because having a friend of a different race or ethnicity does enable you to challenge the stereotypes but also create a comfort that you're going to have for the rest of your life.
COOPER: It was interesting to see how that notion intimacy does kind of change the dynamic.
O'BRIEN: Thirteen is puberty and I think that really changes the dynamic for the kids and in a big way for the parents. So what I think you're measuring just anecdotally would be parental conversations change dramatically.
At 6, get along. We all have to get along. At 13, it's, now we're talking about intimate relationships. That really changes the dynamic, I think especially for parents and I think you see that message in change.
KILLEN: It's sort of unfortunate because what we find is that parents are often already sort of thinking about, well, I wouldn't want them to marry somebody of a different race or ethnicity.
Maybe that's through, but the point is that these kids are 13 and it's too early to start worrying about that. If you're worry at that age, you're cutting them off in valuable important friendships that they could have.
COOPER: What do you want people to take away from the study?
KILLEN: I really want people to think about their every day interaction. I want parents and teachers and educators, adults to think about their every day interactions with their children and what kind of messages are they conveying.
When can they be proactive? If you went to the park and you saw somebody hitting somebody else? You would talk to your child about it. You say, you know, they really shouldn't hit them and how they feel. They get might hurt.
You would use it as an opportunity, a teaching moment. What we're finding is when issues come up about racism and prejudice, even more benign examples, but when that comes up, parents often step back and they feel they shouldn't say anything about it.
What we're saying is treat that like as if somebody had hit another child. Use it as an opportunity. Talk to them.
COOPER: It's also not just one conversation because I think some people say I talk about that, now I can check that off.
KILLEN: I think one of the biggest problems we have right now is that we look at Martin Luther King Day. So we have one day of the year where we talk about those issues. What happens on the other 364 days of the year?
We need this to be a daily kind of experience, conversations. Not every day, but when you're a parent or educator or teacher, that when issues come up, talk about it openly and honestly. Just as you talk about it and that's really important and very valuable.
It will go a long way -- we're a global world. We're going to interact with people from different races and these kinds of stereotypes when they start in childhood and become deeply entrenched by adult. They're very hard to change. Childhood is the time to make a difference.
COOPER: Dr. Killen, thank you so much for making this happen. I appreciate it.
KILLEN: Thank you.
BLITZER: Really, terrific, terrific study. We'll be right back.
BLITZER: That does it for this edition of 360. We'll see you again at 10:00 p.m. Esatern. "PIERS MORGAN TONIGHT" starts right now.