German architect Ole Scheeren has been transforming Asian skylines with his signature geometric style for over a decade. From the gravity-defying CCTV tower
in Beijing to The Interlace
in Singapore -- which was awarded World Building of the Year 2015
-- Scheeren likes to challenge traditional notions of what constitutes a skyscraper.
"I don't believe in a very formulaic architecture where it's essentially the same formal language that is applied to any part or place in the world," the former partner of Rem Koolhaas
' firm OMA
and now principal architect of Buro Ole Scheeren
"If you look at my buildings, they are not all the same. They are different because different situations inspire and require very different answers."
In line with that philosophy, MahaNakhon
-- Scheeren's pixelated vision of a luxury mixed-use tower situated in Bangkok's business district -- looks little like the rest of his repertoire.
1/20 – Mahanakhon, Bangkok
"I don't have this sense of letting go or parting so much, when I design a building," says Scheeren. "I never design it for myself to begin with. I design it for the people that will ultimately own it, or inhabit it or work in it, or live in it." Credit: Iwan Baan
Based on the shape of an extruded square, the building's central tower rises up and connects a large number of small-scale geometric extrusions to create the image of an unfinished building, or a Jenga game in progress.
"MahaNakhon is a vision of a tower that is very much about process, about becoming, about developing," Scheeren says of the building.
The architect himself lived in Bangkok
in the late 1990s, an experience he says connected him deeply to the city's fabric and people.
The Interlace, Singapore Credit: world architecture festival
During that time, he spent six months mapping the city's "visions of the future" -- some 250 unfinished towers that would never be actualized largely due to the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis and the country's political instability.
"Bangkok revealed itself as a place co-existing simultaneously between a presence of an incredibly strong past, and yet a commitment to a very futuristic and fearless relationship to urbanity," he recalls.
This contradictory mix of tradition and modernity has given Bangkok
an eclectic skyline that hosts some of the craziest architecture on the planet according to Scheeren.
"It has a robot building, an elephant building, pyramids buildings, UFOs...all of that juxtaposed with traditional Thai temples, colors and textures."
Capturing intensity with space
MahaNakhon itself has withstood two revolutions, a coup and nationwide flooding in recent years but it will become the city's tallest skyscraper upon its completion later this year -- "a testament of strength" according to Scheeren.
But while the building may tower above this sprawling metropolis, Scheeren says the design's distinct façade and use of space is intended to strike an ongoing dialogue with the city and capture its intensity.
The MahaNakhon Credit: MahaNakhon by Buro Ole Scheeren Group
"The intensity of the traffic, the noise, the spaces of the colors, it's important to capture the river...it's also the smaller scale alleys, the small grain of city," he says.
It's play with space is also used to provide relief to what Scheeren believes are the building's most important component -- its inhabitants.
"I believe in the interest of space and also the power of space to do something to the people that inhabit it," Scheeren says.
"By revealing the people that are in the tower, you are suddenly connected back to the urban life of the city, the public realm...the public inhabitance is a very strong theme in a way."