Cuba Fast Facts

(CNN)Here's some background information about Cuba, a communist country located in the Caribbean Sea, approximately 90 miles south of Florida.

About Cuba

(from the CIA World Factbook)
Area: 110,860 sq km (slightly smaller than Pennsylvania)
    Population: 11,059,062 (July 2020 est.)
    Median age: 42.1 years
    Capital: Havana
    Ethnic Groups: white 64.1%, mixed 26.6%, black 9.3% (2012 est.)
    GDP (purchasing power parity): $137 billion (2017 est.)
    GDP per capita: $12,300 (2016 est.)
    Unemployment: 2.6% (2017 est., according to official figures. Unofficial estimate is double that number.)

    Other Facts

    Before the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, Cuba was receiving subsidies worth $4 billion-$6 billion a year.
    The United States pays Cuba approximately $4,085 a year to lease the 45 square miles that the Guantánamo Bay Naval Station occupies. Cuba has not accepted the payment since 1959.


    1492 - Explorer Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Cuba and claims it for Spain. Spain controls the island until 1898, making it a hub for the slave trade and the export of sugar and coffee.
    1898 - The United States assists Cubans in winning independence from Spain during the Spanish-American War. The Treaty of Paris gives the United States temporary control of Cuba.
    1902 - Cuba gains independence from the United States.
    1903 - The new Republic of Cuba leases 45 square miles of land in Guantánamo Bay to the United States for construction of a naval station. Building on the naval station begins that same year.
    1952 - Former President Fulgencio Batista stages a coup with the support of the army, and assumes power.
    July 26, 1953 - Fidel Castro and approximately 150 others attack the Moncada military barracks in Santiago de Cuba in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the Batista regime.
    October 16, 1953 - Castro is sentenced to 15 years i